**Vivien Raymond**

Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity

Phone +49 331 567-7244

Fax +49 331 567-7298

**Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics**

**(Albert Einstein Institute)**

Science Park Potsdam-Golm

Am Mühlenberg 1

D-14476 Potsdam-Golm

Germany

V. Raymond, for the LIGO-Virgo collaboration

With the second oberving run from the advanced detector network LIGO-Virgo our knowledge of the population(s) of binary black hole keeps increasing. The individual observations are described in LIGO/Virgo Phys. Rev. X 6, 041015, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 221101 (2017), Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 141101 (2017), arXiv:1711.05578 (Accepted by Astrophys. J. Lett.).

Adapted from "Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger"

The first joint observation from gravitational waves and electro-magnetic waves! A world-wide, multimessenger effort localized the source of the GW170817 signal in space and time.

V. Raymond, for the LIGO-Virgo collaboration

The first observing run of the advanced detector era delivered three noteworthy observations: GW150914, GW151226 and the (less significant) LIGO-Virgo Trigger LVT151012. The LIGO Open Science Center provides the tools to see how well gravitational-waves from General Relativity match the data.

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two LIGO detectors observed a transient gravitational-wave signal ! GW150914 was generated 1.3^{+0.5}_{-0.6} billions light-years away with the merger of two black-holes of 36^{+5}_{-4}M_{⊙} and 29^{+4}_{-4}M_{⊙} into a 62^{+4}_{-4}M_{⊙} black hole, radiating 3^{+0.5}_{-0.5}M_{⊙}c^{2} in gravitational waves.

WHAT GRAVITATIONAL WAVES CAN TELL US ABOUT COLLIDING STARS AND BLACK HOLES:

V. Raymond, for the LIGO-Virgo collaboration

Different sources create different signals: here are three examples of gravitational-wave signals from different types of
inspiraling binary systems:
First, the red signal comes from a system of two black holes of mass 10M_{⊙} and 5M_{⊙}
that are not spinning.
Second, the green signal is for black holes with the same masses, but now with each of the two components spinning.
Finally, the blue signal comes from a system of two neutron stars each with mass equal to 1.4M_{⊙}, which aren't spinning.
Read the complete science summary here.

V. Raymond, for the LIGO-Virgo collaboration

Noise in the detector: here the actual data from the detector is shown in gray. The noise is much louder than the expected signals in red, green and blue (from the figure above, superimposed on the gray noise signal).

V. Raymond, M. van der Sluys, V. Kalogera

This is a video of our Markov-Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm trying to home in on the Probability Density Function (PDF)
of the parameters of a LIGO compact binary coalescence software injection.
Here only the marginalized PDF for the chirpmass (M=(M1*M2)^{(3/5)}(M1+M2)^{(-1/5)}) is shown.
Each color on the two bottom plots represents an independent chain and gives the corresponding value of chirpmass
and likelihood (natural logarithm) as a function of iteration number.

V. Raymond

Thanks to the people at the INFN in Pisa, my presentation for the Stefano Braccini Prize was recorded. Click on the picture for the 572 MB, 40 min video.